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The Bulge Hole: Every bit as peculiar as the name

Posted Wednesday, March 7, 2012, at 3:07 PM

Oh come on, another rock shelter?

That's what I was thinking while hiking along a canyon near Vienna, Illinois. Around every corner, I found yet another rock shelter or tall bluff or waterfall or something.

I was really looking for an easy way out of the canyon, but was thwarted by more beautiful scenery. What a dilemma.

Located within the Shawnee National Forest, this place is called Bulge Hole Ecological Area. The peculiar name refers to a bulging rock overhang that is a hybrid between a shelter and a cave.

At first glance, the Bulge Hole looks like any old shelter. But the interior keeps going and going...

...and going and going...

...until the ceiling and floor finally meet in the darkness. With large trees sitting in front, it's difficult to capture the entire formation at once. From a distance, the hole appears as a black void.

From above, it's only possible to see a portion of the opening. The entire shelter is U-shaped, encompassing the head of the canyon.

A small creek empties into the canyon via a waterfall.

Just downstream, the creek passes below a second large shelter with its own wet-weather waterfall. If this formation were located anywhere else, it would be a big deal. But not here. It looks puny compared to the Bulge Hole.

Continuing north along the canyon, another rock shelter can be found on the right, followed by a series of bluffs. Oh look, there's another shelter... and more rocks!

I eventually turned around and started exploring the other side, only to get sidetracked by a smaller canyon branching off to the west. This side canyon led to a dead end. But what a dead end!

Water from another creek spills over a ledge, forming a classic waterfall.

One wall within the canyon was coated with water seeping from the hillside above.

Suffering from rock formation fatigue, I finally found an escape route via an opening in the bluff line. Back on higher ground, I could hear the rumble of traffic on nearby Interstate 24. Motorists cruising between Nashville and St. Louis have no idea that they are passing only a quarter-mile from such a spectacular spot.

Driving directions

[Google map]

From Cape Girardeau, cross the Emerson Bridge and follow Highway 146 east through McClure, Ware, Jonesboro, and Anna to Vienna. At the four-way stop in Vienna, turn left and take US 45 north. Before reaching the I-24 interchange, turn left on Holley Road (look for the brown sign for Dutchman Lake). Then make an immediate right turn on Dutchman Lake Road.

Drive 3.7 miles and turn right on Bowman Bottoms Road. This road goes under two overpasses, then curves to the left. After a short distance, the road makes a gentle curve to the right and then back to the left. There's an open field on the right. At this point, look for a muddy road on the left. This is the trailhead for the Bulge Hole -- park on the side of Bowman Bottoms Road where possible.

Map and hiking directions

From the trailhead (point A on the map), walk one-third of a mile west on the muddy road until dropping down to a pair of creek crossings. Look for the "Bulge Hole Ecological Area" sign on the right (B).

This is where it gets tricky. At the second creek crossing, walk north along some sandstone glades.

The creek soon drains into a ravine. Instead of trying to crawl through the ravine, stick to the high ground on the left side of the creek and walk north. Cross through a powerline clearing and keep following the creek and hillside. Ahead is sharp dropoff: this is the ledge above the Bulge Hole (C).

Follow the rim of the hole and keep walking north until you find an opening in the bluff where you can easily get down to the canyon floor. Then head back to the Bulge Hole.

If you want, you can explore the side canyon to the west (D) and the main canyon to the north as far as the edge of National Forest property (E).

The Bulge Hole area can be found at the far southeast corner of the Goreville topographic quadrangle map (available here). The Geocaching.com website also has some details.

Showing comments in chronological order
[Show most recent comments first]

Another good one. Mildly amusing and very informative.

-- Posted by halffasthiker on Wed, Mar 7, 2012, at 6:32 PM

James, we would "suggest" that you invest in a nice Petzl helmet and headlamp, and ask some of the SEMO Grotto folks to accompany you on these "excursions".....that "sandstone" you're observing in western Illinois exhibits all of the indices of being an extension of the karst topography of the limestone to the west in Perry and Ste. Gen County, MO......with all indices of vadose and/or phreatic formation being evident in your photographs......you're poking about in what remains of long ago cave formation, cave piracy, water erosion on both levels,as well as the result of water action by the Mississippi River and the last glacial epoch...let me know, I'll be down home in April at Perryville for MVOR, and back again in June for family reunion...would like to get together and "hike" some hills!!!! I used to go over and "party" in the old "silica"mines in the Shawnee Nat'l Forest out east of Cape!!!! Be Well, gimme an e-mail!!!molater, kkr

-- Posted by kkcaver47 on Wed, Mar 7, 2012, at 10:45 PM

kkcaver47: It's funny you mention the mines east of Cape, as I was over there just last weekend exploring the old tripoli mines. They're gated off to protect bats that have moved into the mine shafts, but still very interesting.

-- Posted by James Baughn on Wed, Mar 7, 2012, at 11:24 PM

James, yes, we have GOT to protect our bat populations, just having massive inventories going on over here in the Ozarks.....your visitations in western Illinois could well be welcomed with an addition of earth science students from Southern Illinois University Student Grotto, we remember our "cohorts" as Little Egypt Grotto, These people turned hard core when hard core ceased to exist......witness Rimstone River Cave, and the extensions of Mystery and the push outs of Crevice system in Perry County!!! Come on out in April to MVOR in Perryville and bring your blog into caving in Perry county and Ste. Gen county, you'll love the trip, and we will get you wet....if you follow me into the Berome Moore system, I will personally have you hooked on caving in Missouri, and you'll leave that Illinois "sandstone" ALONE!!!!! C'Mon, James, come camping with the "Cavers"!!!!! See ya!! (MVOR.com), or e-mail me @ kkcaver47@yahoo.com) Be Well, my bridge-finding bud, you gotta get out more!!!!! molater, kkr

-- Posted by kkcaver47 on Thu, Mar 8, 2012, at 2:34 AM

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The webmaster of seMissourian.com and its sister newspapers, James Baughn has lost track of the number of websites he manages. On the side, he maintains even more sites, including Bridgehunter.com, LandmarkHunter.com, TheCapeRock.com, and Humorix.
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