Today in History

Sunday, September 16, 2018

Today is Sunday, Sept. 16, the 259th day of 2018. There are 106 days left in the year.

Today's Highlights in History:

On Sept. 16, 1987, two dozen countries signed the Montreal Protocol, a treaty designed to save the Earth's ozone layer by calling on nations to reduce emissions of harmful chemicals by the year 2000.

On this date:

In 1810, Mexico began its revolt against Spanish rule.

In 1857, the song "Jingle Bells" by James Pierpont was copyrighted under its original title, "One Horse Open Sleigh." (The song, while considered a Christmastime classic, was actually written for Thanksgiving.)

In 1893, more than 100,000 settlers swarmed onto a section of land in Oklahoma known as the "Cherokee Strip."

In 1908, General Motors was founded in Flint, Michigan, by William C. Durant.

In 1919, the American Legion received a national charter from Congress.

In 1940, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed the Selective Training and Service Act. Samuel T. Rayburn of Texas was elected Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives.

In 1964, the rock-and-roll show "Shindig!" premiered on ABC-TV.

In 1974, President Gerald R. Ford announced a conditional amnesty program for Vietnam war deserters and draft-evaders.

In 1982, the massacre of between 1,200 and 1,400 Palestinian men, women and children at the hands of Israeli-allied Christian Phalange militiamen began in west Beirut's Sabra and Shatila refugee camps.

In 1994, a federal jury in Anchorage, Alaska, ordered Exxon Corp. to pay $5 billion in punitive damages for the 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill (the U.S Supreme Court later reduced that amount to $507.5 million). Two astronauts from the space shuttle Discovery went on the first untethered spacewalk in ten years.

In 2001, President George W. Bush, speaking on the South Lawn of the White House, said there was "no question" Osama bin Laden and his followers were the prime suspects in the Sept. 11 attacks; Bush pledged the government would "find them, get them running and hunt them down."

In 2007, contractors for the U.S. security firm Blackwater USA guarding a U.S. State Department convoy in Baghdad opened fire on civilian vehicles, mistakenly believing they were under attack; 14 Iraqis died. O.J. Simpson was arrested in the alleged armed robbery of sports memorabilia collectors in Las Vegas. (Simpson was later convicted of kidnapping and armed robbery and sentenced to nine to 33 years in prison; he was released in 2017.)

Ten years ago: Gen. David Petraeus stepped aside as Gen. Ray Odierno took over as the top American commander of the Iraq war. President George W. Bush got a firsthand look at the fury that Hurricane Ike had unleashed on the Gulf Coast with stops in Houston and Galveston, Texas, and a helicopter tour.

Five years ago: Aaron Alexis, a former U.S. Navy reservist, went on a shooting rampage inside the Washington Navy Yard, killing 12 victims before being shot dead by police.

One year ago: Tropical Storm Maria, which would batter the Caribbean as a powerful hurricane, formed in the Atlantic. British police said they had arrested an 18-year-old man in connection with the bomb that partially exploded a day earlier in a London subway car. California lawmakers voted to move the state's presidential primary up by about three months to March, a move that would force candidates to mount expensive campaigns earlier.

Today's Birthdays: Actress Janis Paige is 96. Actor George Chakiris is 86. Bluesman Billy Boy Arnold is 83. Movie director Jim McBride is 77. Actress Linda Miller is 76. Rhythm-and-blues singer Betty Kelley (Martha & the Vandellas) is 74. Musician Kenney Jones (Small Faces; Faces; The Who) is 70. Actress Susan Ruttan is 70. Rock musician Ron Blair (Tom Petty & the Heartbreakers; Mudcrutch) is 70. Actor Ed Begley Jr. is 69. Country singer David Bellamy (The Bellamy Brothers) is 68. Country singer-songwriter Phil Lee is 67. Actor Mickey Rourke is 66. Actor-comedian Lenny Clarke is 65. Actor Kurt Fuller is 65. Jazz musician Earl Klugh is 65. Actor Christopher Rich is 65. TV personality Mark McEwen is 64. Baseball Hall of Famer Robin Yount is 63. Magician David Copperfield is 62. Country singer-songwriter Terry McBride is 60. Actress Jennifer Tilly is 60. Retired MLB All-Star pitcher Orel Hershiser is 60. Baseball Hall of Famer Tim Raines is 59. Actress Jayne Brook is 58. Singer Richard Marx is 55. Comedian Molly Shannon is 54. Singer Marc Anthony is 50. Comedian-actress Amy Poehler is 47. Actress Toks Olagundoye is 43. Country singer Matt Stillwell is 43. Singer Musiq is 41. Actor Michael Mosley is 40. Rapper Flo Rida is 39. Actress Alexis Bledel is 37. Actress Sabrina Bryan is 34. Actress Madeline Zima is 33. Actor Ian Harding is 32. Actress Kyla Pratt is 32. Actor Daren Kagasoff is 31. Rock singer Teddy Geiger is 30. Actress-dancer Bailey Buntain is 29. Rock singer-musician Nick Jonas (The Jonas Brothers) is 26. Actress Elena Kampouris is 21.

Thought for Today: "You can love a person deeply and sincerely whom you do not like. You can like a person passionately whom you do not love." -- Robert Hugh Benson, English author and clergyman (1871-1914).

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