(Jim Cole ~ Associated Press)
Thursday's rally, organized by tea party leaders, drew nearly 500 people, many of them waving signs and carrying loaded weapons, to the state capital. Conservative leaders elsewhere report a wave of similar protests as grassroots activists from Florida to Colorado seize on a new rallying cry for a tea party movement, which is trying to recover from a painful 2012 election season.
Many activists aren't happy with the GOP's sudden embrace of more lenient immigration proposals and they're monitoring the approaching congressional deadline to avoid massive cuts to military programs. But the debate over guns and the perceived threat of losing them tops their list.
It's an "organic" movement with little coordination from national conservative organizations, according to Amy Kremer, chairwoman of the Tea Party Express. "It's happening by itself," she said.
It doesn't matter that neither President Barack Obama nor congressional Democrats are calling for a wholesale repeal of gun rights. Tea partyers are enraged by the possibility of any erosion of the Second Amendment.
At the New Hampshire rally, the crowd focused on the belief that helped lead to the creation of the tea party movement: that an overbearing government is trampling on the nation's founding principles.
"There is an assault going on the Constitution. And that is job one of ours -- to protect our flank and protect gun owners," said Tom Gaitens, a Tampa, Fla.-based tea party leader.
Florida tea party activists already have traveled to Washington to protest new gun restrictions, and conservative leaders in the state are considering a series of gun-related rallies, Gaitens said.
Many protesters are hunters, but say access to hunting is not their prime concern -- just as a sign hanging behind the podium at the New Hampshire rally said: "The right to keep arms is not about deer hunting. It is about defending the republic from tyranny."
"I don't have an automatic weapon. I don't want an automatic weapon. But the citizens need to have guns that are equal to the guns that the government has," said Roger Rist, a 69-year-old business owner from Meredith. "I certainly hope I don't have to take up arms against the government. Might we have to? Yeah."
In Colorado, foes of illegal immigration have been quiet as the Democrat-controlled Legislature has moved to allow illegal immigrants to pay in-state tuition rates at state colleges and universities.
In contrast, gun advocates held a spirited rally at the Colorado statehouse to oppose gun-control measures and drew more than 100 people last month. They also held a widely-publicized training recently for teachers and school workers.
In Georgia, tea party conservatives have introduced a range of bills that together would effectively allow Georgians to carry weapons anywhere.
"We don't have a single member who thinks we need any new laws on this," said Ken Baxley, a tea party leader in southeast Georgia's Effingham County, said. "When that tragedy happened, our anger was directed at the shooter, not at the guns."
An Associated Press-GfK poll last month found that 58 percent of Americans felt the gun laws in the United States should be stricter. Among Republicans, 53 percent want the nation's gun laws to stay as they are.
And as tea party activists clamor against any changes, the powerful gun lobby is echoing their argument.
"I think without any doubt, if you look at why our Founding Fathers put [the Second Amendment] there, they had lived under the tyranny of King George and they wanted to make sure that these free people in this new country would never be subjugated again and have to live under tyranny," Wayne LaPierre, executive vice president of the National Rifle Association said in a congressional hearing last week.