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Hopes rise that Greece will not have to hold new elections
ATHENS, Greece -- Hopes rose slightly Thursday that Greece could end its post-electoral deadlock without having to hold new elections, as international partners warned that Athens must stick to its hugely unpopular austerity program or abandon the euro.
Socialist leader Evangelos Venizelos, who received the presidential mandate to try and form a government after two other party chiefs failed, said a meeting Thursday with a left-wing potential kingmaker had proved encouraging.
If this third mandate fails, President Karolos Papoulias will convene party leaders in a last-ditch effort to get a deal -- otherwise new elections will be held in a month.
New polls would greatly delay Greece's commitments to pass further austerity measures and reforms, without which creditors will cut off the country's rescue loan lifeline. If Greece runs out of cash, it could be forced to leave the euro, reverting to a grossly devalued version of its old drachma currency and facing long years of misery.
Venizelos, whose once-dominant PASOK party finished third in Sunday's elections, said he and pro-European Democratic Left leader Fotis Kouvelis were "very, very close in our views."
The leftist Kouvelis wants a broad coalition to keep Greece in the euro and "launch a gradual disengagement" from the austerity program with a mandate until mid-2014. Venizelos said that "almost coincides" with his own position.
Voters angered by crushing income cuts imposed to secure Greece's rescue loans abandoned mainstream politicians on Sunday and backed parties promising to end the belt-tightening. They even gave 21 seats to the extreme-right Golden Dawn, which wants to send illegal immigrants to labor camps.
The coalition-building talks exclude Golden Dawn, but the other six parties elected have failed to come up with a working government over the past four days.
If Kouvelis' party joined with PASOK and first-placed conservative New Democracy party -- both which have pledged to respect their pre-election commitments for protracted austerity -- their coalition would control 168 of Parliament's 300 seats.
But the situation remains highly volatile, as Kouvelis would risk being branded as a left-wing traitor if he helps the pro-austerity parties to govern without the second-paced Radical Left Coalition, which is staunchly anti-bailout.
And some party leaders might be inclined to bet on new elections, hoping to gain a stronger position. An opinion poll published late Thursday indicated that the Radical Left Coalition would come first with nearly 28 percent of the vote in a new election -- up from 16.8 -- winning 128 seats.
The Marc survey for private Alpha TV gave New Democracy 20.3 percent and 57 seats, and showed Golden Dawn declining to 5.7 percent, with 16 seats. The May 8-9 nationwide survey was the first published after Sunday's vote. It gave no margin of error.
Venizelos is the third party leader to try to strike a deal, after Antonis Samaras, whose conservative New Democracy won the most votes, and the Radical Left Coalition's Alexis Tsipras. He has a three-day deadline.
The major stumbling block has been Tsipras' insistence that the austerity program be canceled or frozen. Both Samaras and Venizelos argue such a move would be catastrophic for the country, and would force Greece out of the euro.
In a letter to European leaders Thursday, Tsipras said the election result left Greece's bailout commitments devoid of "political legitimacy," but stopped short of demanding that the program should be scrapped and debt repayments halted.
Tsipras said the cutbacks have failed to address the country's problems, are "destroying" the recession-bound economy and threatening to create a Greek "humanitarian crisis."
But German Finance Minister Wolfgang Schaeuble said Greece must stick to its austerity measures if it wants to stay inside the eurozone. He categorically ruled out any renegotiation of the agreements, saying calls to do so didn't chime with the current economic reality.
"Anyone who tells Greece something else isn't fulfilling their duty to the Greek people," he said to.
Athens has promised to pass new austerity measures worth (euro) 14.5 billion ($18.9 billion) next month and to implement other reforms. These will be reviewed by its creditors -- the International Monetary Fund and other eurozone countries -- who will then determine whether to continue releasing the rescue loans that are keeping Greece solvent.
The eurozone's bailout fund, the European Financial Stability Facility, released a (euro) 4.2 billion ($5.44 billion) batch of rescue loans on Thursday, while another (euro) 1 billion ($1.3 billion) is expected in June.
The fund's chief executive, Klaus Regling, said after the second payment there cannot be any further disbursement of money until Greece reaches an agreement with its creditors on what needs to be done over the next two years.
Markets, in the doldrums since Greece's election stalemate, partially rebounded Thursday, with shares on the Athens Stock Exchange closing 4.2 percent up. But new Greek unemployment figures showed the jobless rate reaching 21.7 percent in February.
Elena Becatoros and Derek Gatopoulos in Athens, Frank Jordans in Berlin and Don Melvin in Brussels contributed