(AARON FAVILA ~ Associated Press)
The floods began three weeks ago, but there is little sign conditions are improving for some 20 million people -- or one in nine Pakistanis -- who are affected. Tens of thousands of villages remain under water, and officials feared that more flooding could be on the way.
The international community is rushing water, medicine, shelter and aid workers to the country, but aid groups and the British government have complained that the response has been too slow and not generous enough.
In a meeting with local aid groups, President Asif Ali Zardari acknowledged Tuesday that the disaster response had not been very good.
"Yes, the situation could have been better. Yes, the arrangements could have been made better. Yes, everything could have been better," he said. "We have to move forward despite whatever criticism we get."
The U.N. appealed last week for $459 million for immediate relief efforts and has received 40 percent of that so far, said U.N. spokesman Maurizio Giuliano. Another $43 million has been pledged.
The World Bank said it will redirect $900 million of its existing loans to Pakistan for use in flood recovery.
For now, people displaced by high water are living in makeshift camps alongside their livestock or in flooded towns and villages.
The floods have killed about 1,500 people and inundated 1.7 million acres of wheat, sugar cane and rice. Food prices have risen sharply.
"We have never dealt with a calamity of this magnitude," said Faisal Edhi, who works for Pakistan's largest private welfare organization, the Edhi Foundation. "I don't think we've been able to help 20 percent of the people we want to."
In the town of Shikarpur, about 100 people mobbed two trucks that were dropping off food. People climbed the side of the truck to grab supplies.
Mir Hassan, an elderly flood victim, held out his empty hands after the trucks went through.
"I got nothing," he said, complaining that people who were unaffected by the floods were taking the aid.
In the northwest, where the floods began, provincial Information Minister Mian Iftikhar Hussain said the irrigation system needed to be rebuilt urgently to revive the farming sector.
"If immediate steps are not taken, we fear a famine," he said. "The farmers have lost everything: their crops, their machines, their houses, their seeds."
U.S. Ambassador Anne Patterson said Washington had committed at least $87 million in aid and is expected to give more in the coming days. More U.S. helicopters were likely to join the 19 already dispatched to help ferry stranded Pakistanis and deliver food and other items, U.S. officials said.
Patterson said it was too soon to understand what impact the disaster would have on the Taliban and al-Qaida-led insurgency on Pakistani soil. But she played down concerns that Islamist militants were winning flood victims' support through their own relief activities.
"To be blunt, I think these stories about extremist organizations being the only players out there are greatly exaggerated," Patterson told a news conference in Islamabad.
In a reminder of the militant threat, police said they had arrested two suicide bombers on the outskirts of the main northwestern city of Peshawar. They were wearing jackets of explosives and were intending to attack targets in the city, said police officer Meera Jan.