Cancer comparisons

Thursday, March 24, 2005

Breast cancer gets more attention and money, but prostate cancer is America's most common non-skin cancer. Here is a comparison of the two diseases:

PROSTATE CANCER

* New cases projected for 2005: 232,090

* Deaths projected: 30,350

* Death rate per 100,000 people: 31.5

* Incidence rate per 100,000 people: 172.3

* Lifetime risk: 1 in 6

* Survival: At five years, 97.5 percent; at 10 years, 84 percent; at 15 years, 56 percent.

* Detection: Usually through a doctor's exam of the prostate or the PSA blood test

* 2003 Federal research spending: $390 million

BREAST CANCER

* New cases projected for 2005: 211,240

* Deaths projected: 40,410

* Death rate per 100,000 people: 27

* Lifetime risk: 1 in 7

* Incidence rate per 100,000 people: 135.2

* Survival: At five years, 87 percent; at 10 years, 77 percent; at 15 years, 63 percent.

* Detection: Usually through mammography, an exam by a doctor or discovery by the patient

* 2003 Federal research spending: $699 million

SOURCES: American Cancer Society, National Cancer Institute, U.S. Department of Defense

Note: Age-standardized rates per 100,000 people, 1997 to 2001, which take into account differences in the numbers of men and women in the population.

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