(AP Photo/Khalid Mohammed)
The demonstration on a Baghdad street known for its book market was held under tight security, as anger builds over government initiatives that critics say are aimed at preventing a strong independent press.
Protesters carried signs that read, "Do not kill the truth," and chanted, "Yes, yes to freedom. No, no to silencing journalists."
"It is the very duty of journalists to reveal the truth, and we are against any kind of censorship of the media," said Fawzi al-Atroushi, the deputy culture minister, who attended the rally. "We are against any threats made against journalists."
Iraqi journalists have never enjoyed the press freedoms and protections that most of their Western colleagues receive. In recent years, journalists have been beaten and arrested by Iraqi security forces for attempting to film insurgent attacks or mass protests.
(KHALID MOHAMMED ~ Associated Press)
In the most recent case to provoke outrage, journalist Ahmed Abdul-Hussein was threatened with a lawsuit over editorials suggesting that an unnamed political party supported a July 28 Baghdad bank robbery in which nearly $7 million was stolen and eight security guards were killed.
The editorials offered no proof and did not name the party. But hard-line Shiite lawmaker and cleric Jalaluddin al-Saghir threatened to sue him over the issue.
Controversy focused on the allegation that guards for Vice President Adel Abdul-Mahdi, a senior member of the largest Shiite party, the Supreme Iraqi Islamic Council, were involved in the heist. Authorities later said they discovered the stolen money in the office of a newspaper owned by the vice president.
Abdul-Mahdi acknowledged one of his guards had been charged in the robbery but he denied any involvement and said the other allegations were politically motivated.
Reporters Without Borders welcomed the rally, which also called for a ban on the use of violence against journalists by Iraqi security forces.
Iraq's government also announced earlier this month a plan to crack down on Internet service providers and ban sites that incite violence or carry pornography, a decision that has been strongly criticized by freedom of speech advocates as a dangerous first step toward political censorship.
Ziyad al-Khafaji of the Baghdad-based independent Journalistic Freedom Observatory said such steps are unacceptable and reminiscent of efforts by Saddam Hussein's ousted regime to control the media.
"It is a new way of repression that reminds us of Saddam's time. They want to control the flow of information and to deny the public the ability to learn about the degree of the corruption and problems in this country," al-Khafaji said.
Shiite cleric Mohammed Falak, a member of the Supreme Iraqi Islamic Council, said Friday that it was inappropriate for a newspaper to make accusations prior to the completion of an investigation.
"There is something called freedom of expression for the media, and it is a good thing. But there should be some rules," Falak said.
Journalists also have frequently been targeted or otherwise caught up in Iraq's violence, with 139 killed since the March 2003 U.S.-led invasion, according to the New York-based Committee to Protect Journalists.
The U.S. military, meanwhile, said the number of American troops in Iraq who have been quarantined because of swine flu has risen to 88. Lt. Col. Mark Ballesteros said 68 cases have been confirmed among American soldiers, who all have been treated and have fully recovered, he said.
American troops have comprised the majority of Iraq's confirmed swine flu cases. The Health Ministry has confirmed 23 Iraqi cases, including one fatality.
Also Friday, U.S. Sen. John McCain, a Republican from Arizona, met with Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki and Gen. Ray Odierno during a visit to Baghdad.
The former American presidential candidate led a congressional delegation to Iraq on the heels of a trip to Libya to discuss the possible delivery of non-lethal defense equipment -- another sign of the improving ties between the former longtime adversaries.