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Iraqi government dismisses demands to push back election set fo

Sunday, November 28, 2004

BAGHDAD, Iraq -- The Iraqi government Saturday brushed aside Sunni Muslim demands to delay the Jan. 30 election, and a spokesman for the majority Shiite community called the date "nonnegotiable." Insurgents stepped up attacks, blasting U.S. patrols in Baghdad and killing a U.S. soldier north of the capital.

Clashes also occurred north of Baghdad, where U.S. and Iraqi forces fought a three-hour gun battle with insurgents who overran a town hall and two police stations, local officials said.

Talk of delaying the election gained momentum after influential Sunni Muslim politicians urged the government to postpone the voting for six months to give authorities time to secure polling stations and to persuade Sunni clerics to abandon their call for an electoral boycott.

But the spokesman for interim Prime Minister Ayad Allawi, a secular Shiite, said the government was sticking by the Jan. 30 date after receiving assurances from the Iraqi Electoral Commission that an election could take place even in Sunni areas wracked by the insurgency.

An American soldier from the 1st Infantry Division was killed Saturday when a roadside bomb exploded near a U.S. patrol about 40 miles north of Baghdad, the military said.

Two U.S. military vehicles, including an armored shuttle bus, were damaged by a bomb Saturday on the road to Baghdad International Airport, which the State Department considers one of the most dangerous routes in the country. An al-Qaida-affiliated group claimed responsibility for the attack.

Three civilians died and a dozen were injured in other bomb attacks against U.S. convoys in the Baghdad area, U.S. and Iraqi officials said.

About 100 insurgents overran the city hall and two police stations in Khalis, 40 miles north of the capital, but were driven off by American and Iraqi forces after a three-hour gunbattle, municipal official Saad Ahmed Abbas said. Al-Jazeera television said three Iraqi security guards were killed.

South of the capital, U.S. Marines, British and Iraqi security forces continued operations against suspected insurgent strongholds near the towns of Latifiyah and Mahmoudiya.

A U.S. military spokesman said 18 suspected insurgents were taken into custody Saturday, bringing to nearly 130 the number of people arrested since the operation began Tuesday. One U.S. Marine was killed two days ago in the operation, the military said Saturday.

Officials also report a massive intimidation campaign by insurgents threatening to kill candidates and others participating in the January ballot. Sunni clerics have urged a boycott to protest the Fallujah attack.

Although Sunni Arabs comprise only about 20 percent of the population, a widespread boycott by the influential community would cost the new government much-needed legitimacy in the eyes of millions of Iraqis, some of whom question whether a valid election can be held with 160,000 U.S. and other foreign troops on Iraqi soil.

"There's no elected and recognized government. There's a government that came with the occupation," Sheik Abdul-Salam al-Kobeisi, a senior Sunni cleric, told Al-Jazeera television. "No one can imagine that a country can be built under occupation."

Shiites generally have refrained from joining the Sunni-led insurgency, believing they will gain power in Iraq anyway through elections because of their force of numbers. Shiite clerics for the most part avoided public criticism of the Fallujah offensive.

Differences between Shiites and Sunnis over the election issue threatens to widen the gap between the two rival communities at a time when U.S. and Iraqi officials are appealing for national unity.

U.N. and U.S. officials agreed to a January ballot in a deal with the powerful Shiite clerical leadership to win support for the American formula for transferring power to Iraqis after Saddam Hussein's regime collapsed in April 2003.

"If the nation was deprived of this right, I am afraid that many of the Iraqis who remained patient and waited to see a national government will be frustrated and ... will resort to other means which we don't want to see," Hussain al-Shahristani, a prominent Shiite nuclear scientist, told The Associated Press.


Associated Press reporters Maggie Michael, Mariam Fam, Sameer N. Yacoub and Sabah Jerges contributed to this report.


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