- Cape student sues, accuses school officials of slamming her to ground multiple times (04/28/16)46
- Neelys Landing man shot, killed by highway patrol trooper after traffic stop (05/01/16)32
- Bob Evans restaurant in Cape Girardeau among chain's 21 closings (04/26/16)9
- Missouri House votes to allow concealed weapons without permits (04/28/16)8
- Police report filed, but no charges in incident at Cape Central (04/29/16)40
- Two hurt in motorcycle wreck on Interstate 55 (04/25/16)1
- 2016 All-Missourian Boys Basketball (04/29/16)
- Senator introduces bill for I-57 that would connect Sikeston with Little Rock (04/28/16)4
- Law firm requests information about Cape's traffic cameras (04/25/16)3
- Local lawmakers split over failed medical marijuana bill; voters may have a say (04/26/16)19
The wage debate: Pay disparities between men and women remain widespread in the United States
More women than ever — 47 percent — are now in the workforce. Even among married couples with children, 63 percent have both a husband and wife working outside the home. More women are also filling upper-level professional and management positions, as well as jobs primarily occupied by men.
For all their advancement, however, women are still paid significantly less than men.
In her 2003 study on women, families and the workforce, Arlie Russell Hochschild noted that for the last 100 years, women have earned about 60 percent of what men earned, and today, that number is only up to 70 percent.
Russell Hochschild estimates that women also work an extra month of unpaid, 24-hour days each year on housework alone. Although the U.S. Census Bureau identifies 500 different occupations,
one-third of working women are clustered in only 10 of those occupations.
Many of these "pink collar" jobs commonly filled by women, such as nursing, bookkeeping, waitressing and teaching, are lower-level, service-oriented jobs that pay less than many of the white- and even blue-collar jobs occupied by men. According to careerbuilder.com, the fields with the highest pay disparities are medicine and health management.
Women in medicine make only 63 percent of what their male counterparts make, including the female-dominated field of nursing, where women represent almost 90 percent of all registered nurses.
Cape Girardeau nurse practitioner Carol Clark-Kutscher says she has definitely noticed gender-based inequality in healthcare. She estimates that female nurses make $10,000-$20,000 less than male nurses, most likely because physicians tend to consider male nurses closer to their equal. She
feels that doctors treat male nurses with more respect, offer them more responsibility, and talk to them in a different manner.
Males are also given more opportunities for advancement to administrative positions because they
are thought to have better leadership qualities, making them more suitable for a higher-paid position of power.
"I've been a nurse for 30 years, and it's still that way," says Clark-Kutscher. "If I were a man, I would be making more money." And if she were a certified registered nurse anesthetist instead of a nurse practitioner ¿— a recognized male-dominated profession — Clark-Kutscher says she would be
making a comfortable $120,000 to $125,000 annually.
If women are ever to be paid the same, says Clark-Kutscher, it would have to be federally mandated across the board.
"It seems crazy, but there's no way to change it," she says. "If you fight for it, you're considered a troublemaker, and if you discuss it with others, it's considered unprofessional."
Equal pay for equal work?
In America's top-paying jobs, men continue to earn more than women, even in the fields dominated by women.
5 Top-Paying Jobs: Male dominated
Senior software developer
Female Salary: $81,000
Male Salary: $87,400
Percent female: 9 percent
Information technology consultant
Female Salary: $79,700
Male Salary: $80,200
Percent female: 16 percent
Female Salary: $72,500
Male Salary: $72,800
Percent female: 8 percent
Female Salary: $70,500
Male Salary: $72,600
Percent female: 13 percent
Female Salary: $65,600
Male Salary: $71,100
Percent female: 24 percent
5 Top-Paying Jobs: Female dominated
Female Salary: $56,900
Male Salary: $64,200
Percent female: 86 percent
Human resources manager
Female Salary: $55,000
Male Salary: $62,900
Percent female: 80 percent
Human resources generalist
Female Salary: $48,400
Male Salary: $52,100
Percent female: 87 percent
Female Salary: $43,700
Male Salary: $48,100
Percent female: 86 percent
Female Salary: $43,600
Male Salary: $49,700
Percent female: 74 percent
5 Top-Paying Jobs: Not-dominated
Female Salary: $89,800
Male Salary: $99,100
Percent female: 36 percent
IT project manager
Female Salary: $78,000
Male Salary: $82,000
Percent female: 32 percent
Senior financial analyst
Female Salary: $70,700
Male Salary: $76,600
Percent female: 37 percent
Female Salary: $64,200
Male Salary: $78,800
Percent female: 51 percent
Female Salary: $62,700
Male Salary: $63,500
Percent female: 59 percent