Stocks finish with mixed performance

Wednesday, April 30, 2008

NEW YORK — Wall Street finished with a mixed performance Tuesday, as investors traded cautiously ahead of the Federal Reserve's decision today on interest rates.

The Fed, facing a faltering economy but also rising inflation, is expected to cut interest rates by another quarter point after its two-day meeting concludes today. Many investor believe policymakers will then signal that they are planning to hold rates steady for a while.

Consumers have been worried about inflation because it means energy and grocery bills are harder to pay. Wall Street is also concerned, because inflation tends to curtail consumer spending, which accounts for more than two-thirds of the U.S. economy.

The Dow Jones industrial average fell 39.81, or 0.31 percent, to 12,831.94.

The biggest drag on the Dow was the component Merck & Co., which sank $4.30, or 10.4 percent, to $37.14 after saying the Food and Drug Administration refused to approve a new cholesterol drug called Cordaptive.

Broader markets were mixed. The Standard & Poor's 500 index dipped 5.43, or 0.39 percent, to 1,390.94, and the Nasdaq composite index rose 1.70, or 0.07 percent, to 2,426.10.

A pullback in oil prices Tuesday eased inflationary concerns a bit, and helped keep the stock market from tumbling sharply. But some analysts say the market has been deceptively calm in recent weeks given the weakness of the economy and how consumers are struggling not only with a slumping housing and job market but also high prices.

"So far, investors have bought into the notion that the Federal Reserve has staved off a wider calamity, when in fact what they've done is allow financial system to stay afloat as they work down, write down, a tremendous amount of bad debt," said Joseph V. Battipaglia, chief investment officer at Ryan Beck & Co.

Slashing the key rate by more than half since last summer has not trickled down to consumers' borrowing rates, he noted, and instead has "punted the dollar. It's sparked commodity runs. It has translated to spikes in food and energy costs for the public at exactly the wrong time."

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