Ulster Defense Association, major paramilitary group, renounces violence

Monday, November 12, 2007
Members of the Ulster Defense Association attended a Remembrance Sunday service in the loyalist Sandy Row area of Belfast, Northern Ireland. The major Northern Ireland Protestant paramilitary group announced Sunday it was renouncing violence, but offered no immediate pledge to surrender its weapons to international disarmament officials. (Peter Morrison ~ Associated Press)

DUBLIN, Ireland -- The major Northern Ireland Protestant paramilitary group, the Ulster Defense Association, announced Sunday it was formally renouncing violence, but a commander said the group would not surrender its weapons to international disarmament officials.

The group, which has an estimated 3,000 members across hardline parts of Northern Ireland, has loosely observed a cease-fire since 1994, but until now has refused to surrender a single bullet or bomb -- a major objective of a 1998 peace accord.

It is the last of Northern Ireland's underground armies to renounce violence. The the Irish Republican Army, the major Catholic paramilitary, did so and disarmed in 2005.

The group said in a statement that at midnight Sunday it would "stand down with all military intelligence destroyed, and, as a consequence of this, all weaponry will be put beyond use."

The UDA's south Belfast commander Jackie McDonald confirmed the group would not surrender its weapons to international disarmament officials.

"They are the people's guns," McDonald said.

The UDA appeared to be following the Ulster Volunteer Force -- the other major Protestant underground army -- which said in May that it had placed its weapons under the custody of senior members and "beyond the reach" of rank-and-file members. The UVF did not surrender any to John de Chastelain, the retired Canadian general who since 1997 has been trying to oversee paramilitary disarmament in Northern Ireland.

Irish Prime Minister Bertie Ahern welcomed the UDA's move, buts said it now must cooperate with the Independent International Commission on Decommissioning and surrender its weapons.

His comments were echoed by Northern Ireland Secretary Shaun Woodward, the senior British government official in the province: "They will be judged by their actions, not their words," Woodward said.

Intelligence officials have said the Protestant paramilitary groups were relatively poorly armed compared to the IRA's sophisticated arsenal -- having only firearms, ammunition, grenades and small supplies of explosives.

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