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Australian security company joins Blackwater under Iraqi microscope

Thursday, October 11, 2007

(Photo)
A sibling of Marou Awanis, one of two Christian women killed Tuesday in Baghdad by members of a private security firm, mourned Wednesday during a funeral outside the Armenian Orthodox Virgin Mary church in Baghdad.
(Hadi Mizban ~ Associated Press)
The scrutiny of Unity Resources Group began after its guards allegedly gunned down two women.

BAGHDAD -- Iraqi officials demanded answers of an Australian-owned security company blamed in the killing of two Iraqi Christian women laid to rest Wednesday amid rising calls for a crackdown on private bodyguards used by the U.S. government.

The scrutiny of Unity Resources Group began a day after its guards allegedly gunned down the two women in their car, and less than a month after 17 Iraqis died in a hail of bullets fired by Blackwater USA contractors at a busy Baghdad intersection.

At a funeral in Baghdad's Armenian Orthodox Virgin Mary church, the Rev. Kivork Arshlian urged the government to punish those responsible. The immunity enjoyed by foreign security contractors in Iraq should be lifted, he said.

"This is a crime against humanity in general and against Iraqis in particular. Many other people were killed in a similar way," he said. "We call upon the government to put an end to these killings."

His comments reflected growing anger here against the contractors -- nearly all based in the United States, Britain and other Western countries.

As the largest security firm operating in Iraq, much of that rage has been directed at Blackwater, which protects U.S. diplomats as they move about on Baghdad's dangerous streets. An Iraqi investigation into the Sept. 16 killings recommended that the U.S. State Department sever all contracts for the company's operations in Iraq within six months.

A top aide to Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki said the American government was considering meeting the demand.

"They have seen that the Iraqi government is serious and inflexible on this issue. But so far there has been no concrete answer from the U.S. Embassy showing it was definitely going to drop Blackwater," the aide said on condition of anonymity because of the sensitivity of the issue.

The aide said the al-Maliki government told the embassy, "We will draft and pass laws that would lift the immunity on these security companies to stop their reckless behavior."

The embassy declined to comment.

According to witnesses and police, the Armenian Christian women died when their white Oldsmobile was struck by bullets from two Unity guards as the convoy was returning to a company compound in the Karradah district.

"We cannot say the guards shot at random, but we rather say that they used deadly force in a situation where they shouldn't have," said government spokesman Ali al-Dabbagh. "The preliminary investigation has shown that there was no threat to the convoy. The families of the victims will be summoned according to the legal procedures. They can file a lawsuit against the security company."

Unity chief operating officer Michael Priddin said company officials had "been meeting with Iraqi authorities throughout the day and are cooperating with their investigations."

"The security team used graduated and escalated responses which included non-lethal means such as signage, strobe lights, hand signals, and a signal flare fired in front of the vehicle in an effort to get it to stop," Priddin said in a statement Wednesday night. "The vehicle did not heed these warnings and failed to halt. Fearing a suicide attack, only then did the team use their weapons in a final attempt to stop the vehicle."

Witnesses, however, said the women's car appeared to be attempting to stop when it was hit.

U.S. military spokesman Maj. Gen. Kevin Bergner said Unity was "working with the Diplomatic Security Service here at the embassy and with the government of Iraq ... to be accountable and to investigate fully what happened."

Unity, which is owned by Australian partners but with headquarters in the United Arab Emirates, provides protection for USAID contractor RTI International. According to the USAID Web site, RTI has about $450 million in U.S. government contracts to work on local governance projects in Iraq. USAID is a semiautonomous arm of the U.S. State Department that manages American aide programs.

Statements from both Unity and RTI have made clear the guards were not escorting RTI clients when the shooting occurred.

At the church, mourners wept and called for justice during the funeral Mass for Marou Awanis, who was driving the car, and Geneva Jalal, a passenger.

Among a small group of relatives and friends were Awanis' three daughters, who cried over their mother's simple casket, adorned only with a golden cross.

Awanis, whose husband died during heart surgery last year, was using the Oldsmobile as an unofficial taxi to raise money for her three now-orphaned daughters: Noura, 21, and Karound, 20, both students at Technology University; and Alees, 12.

As journalists approached at the funeral service, Noura screamed: "What is the use of the word sorry?"


Associated Press writers Qassim Abdul-Zahra and Sameer N. Yacoub contributed to this report.


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