By DAVID ESPO
The Associated Press
WASHINGTON -- Long locked out of power, Democrats appear poised to win control of the House and possibly the Senate in midterm elections this week amid a national clamor for change after four years of war in Iraq.
Democrats also are on track to replace Republican governors in several states, New York, Ohio and Massachusetts among them.
Six years after President Bush took office and with his poll ratings at no better than 40 percent, all 435 House seats are on the ballot, as well as 33 Senate and 36 gubernatorial races. Voters in 37 states settled the fate of ballot initiatives, deciding whether to raise the minimum wage, ban gay marriage, endorse expanded embryonic stem-cell research and -- in South Dakota -- impose the country's most stringent abortion restrictions.
State legislative and local races by the thousands filled out the ballots in nearly every county.
The elections counted as the costliest ever, with spending expected to reach $2.6 billion, much of it paying for caustic television commercials.
Candidates everywhere worked through a final weekend of campaigning, sometimes with little or no rest.
Republicans are counting on their get-out-the-vote operation and a late save-the-majority tour by Bush to limit their losses. "The last thing American families and small businesses need now is a higher tax bill," he said Saturday in a weekly radio address broadcast live from Englewood, Colo. "And that is what you'll get if the Democrats take control of the Congress."
But Democrats sought to capitalize on weariness about the war, which has cost more than 2,800 U.S. troops their lives.
A dozen years after Republicans gained power in a landslide, strategists in both parties as well as public and private polls say Democrats are on the cusp of taking it back.
Democrats must gain 15 seats to make Rep. Nancy Pelosi of California the first woman speaker in history, and national surveys showed Democrats running ahead of Republicans in hypothetical ballot tests on a scope not seen since 1990. In a late October Associated Press-AOL News poll, 56 percent of likely voters sided with Democrats and 37 percent with Republicans. The 19 percentage-point gap was nearly double the 10-point spread in a survey a few weeks earlier.
At the same time, the poll suggested that not everyone's mind was fully made up -- far from it. About 38 percent of likely voters said they either had not made a final decision or could change their intentions before casting their ballots.
Still, among Republicans and Democrats alike, there was open speculation about the size of the majority the Democrats would command.
Joe Gaylord, who was the chief strategist for Newt Gingrich in 1994 when Republicans swept to power, said dissatisfaction was evident with the Republican job performance among all parts of the GOP coalition, social conservatives, economic conservatives and foreign policy conservatives.
Democrats shunned ebullient predictions, recalling false optimism of previous elections.
Based on polling and the record sums the House GOP committee and its Democratic counterpart have spent on advertising, the list of competitive races far exceeds three dozen.
A string of states stretching from Connecticut through New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Indiana and Kentucky holds roughly 20 competitive races. All were in Republican hands, a blend of open seats and incumbents in trouble. Reynolds as well as Rep. Deborah Pryce of Ohio, also a member of the leadership, were among them.
Seats held by Republican Reps. Michael Fitzpatrick, Curt Weldon, Jim Gerlach and Don Sherwood in eastern Pennsylvania were so fiercely fought that the two party committees spent more than $18 million combined to prevail.
Rep. Heather Wilson is in her usual tight race for a new term in New Mexico, but other Republicans, such as Rep. Charles Bass of New Hampshire, Jim Walsh of New York and Steve Chabot of Ohio are struggling for the first time in years.
Democrats also sensed late opportunity to pick up House seats in Kansas, Colorado and even Nebraska, and Bush arranged his late campaign itinerary to be in all three states.
Three days before the ballots are cast, Republicans all but conceded six seats or more are lost to the Democrats.
Incumbents all but given up for lost included Rep. John Hostettler of Indiana, first elected in the GOP sweep of a dozen years ago, and Weldon in Pennsylvania, ensnared in a federal corruption investigation. Republicans also signaled they did not expect to hold open seats in Colorado, Iowa, Arizona and New York, where incumbents either retired or left the House to seek statewide office.
By contrast, the list of Democrats who appeared in electoral jeopardy to GOP challengers was short -- Reps. Jim Marshall and John Barrow in Georgia. Both are in districts that were redrawn by the Republican legislature to make them more hospitable to the GOP.
Rep. William Jefferson of Louisiana, at the center of a federal bribery investigation, appears headed for a December runoff. But his closest rival in a crowded field, Karen Carter, is also a Democrat, and the seat appears safely in the party's hands.
The struggle for the Senate, where Democrats need to gain six seats for control, seemed less predictable. "I'm both feeling good and nervous," said Sen. Chuck Schumer of New York, head of the Democratic campaign organization. "I wouldn't say we're going to take back the Senate and I wouldn't say we're not."
Democrats said they would defeat Republican Sens. Rick Santorum in Pennsylvania, Mike DeWine in Ohio and Lincoln Chafee in Rhode Island, and Republicans made little attempt to dispute them.
In the campaign's final days, the pivotal races were re-election campaigns by Sens. George Allen in Virginia, Conrad Burns in Montana, Jim Talent in Missouri and the Tennessee seat that Majority Leader Bill Frist is leaving to run for president.
In some respects, Burns and Allen held the key for Republicans, one a three-term incumbent hoping to fashion a come-from-behind victory, the other struggling to survive after a bedraggled, error-prone campaign.
The polls made Talent's race against McCaskill the closest in the country, and Bush made two stops in Missouri in the campaign's final days in hopes of saving the seat.
In Tennessee, late polls made former Chattanooga Mayor Bob Corker the mild favorite to defeat Rep. Harold Ford Jr., who is seeking to become the first black elected to the Senate from a southern state in more than a century. The Republican senatorial committee added more than $400,000 to its independent television advertising campaign in the final days of the race, and Corker wrote himself a check for $2 million in hopes of finally quelling Ford's persistent challenge.
In marquee gubernatorial races, Schwarzenegger's opponent, Phil Angelides, had trouble gaining traction from the start, and the Republican appears headed for four more years in office.
Democrats seem likely to counter in Massachusetts, where Deval Patrick hopes to become the state's first black chief executive; in New York, where Attorney General Eliot Spitzer is running well ahead; and in Ohio, where Rep. Ted Strickland hopes to lead his party on a rout of Republicans up and down the ballot.