- Neelys Landing man shot, killed by highway patrol trooper after traffic stop (05/01/16)43
- Cape student sues, accuses school officials of slamming her to ground multiple times (04/28/16)49
- Missouri House votes to allow concealed weapons without permits (04/28/16)8
- River Ridge Winery changes hands (05/02/16)
- Police report filed, but no charges in incident at Cape Central (04/29/16)40
- 2016 All-Missourian Boys Basketball (04/29/16)
- Statement: Man says copsí good work drove him to grow his own marijuana (05/01/16)1
- Bob Evans restaurant in Cape Girardeau among chain's 21 closings (04/26/16)9
- Senator introduces bill for I-57 that would connect Sikeston with Little Rock (04/28/16)4
- Hopper Road to close for months during construction of Veterans Drive (04/27/16)9
Practice makes perfect for close-up photographs
Close-up photographs offer an unusual view of our world, especially when that world is pictured larger than life.
Capturing small subjects -- insects, flowers, stamps, coins and so on -- requires careful attention to the technical aspects of photography: focus, lighting, sharpness, depth-of-field, exposure and composition.
Close-up photography also requires practice, because slight camera adjustments are more exaggerated than they are in basic, wide-angle photography.
For newcomers to the fascinating, enjoyable and rewarding world of close-up photography, here are a few points to consider:
Before you set out to take serious close-up pictures, practice using different f-stops, shutter speeds and lighting at home. That's what I did before going on a trip to Florida to photograph butterflies. I bought several silk butterflies and practiced various photographic techniques in my kitchen. That made my in-the-field shooting sessions go much faster, because I preset my camera before each shot and was able to anticipate the results.
Zoom lenses with close-up settings are all right for some close-up photography. However, if you want to get much closer to your subject, you'll need a macro lens.
Screw-on close-up lenses for standard lenses, sold in filter-like sets, are also available to get you closer to a subject.
Macro lenses, close-up lenses and close-up settings on zoom lens lenses exaggerate camera shake.
To reduce the chance of a blurry picture caused by camera shake, use a tripod when taking a natural light picture.
In close-up photography, as with telephoto photography, focus is critical. Be sure to focus on the most important element in a scene, such as the eye of an insect.
It's also important to shoot at a small aperture (f/11 or f/22) for good depth-of-field.