Some highlights of President Bush's proposed budget
Tuesday, February 4, 2003
Department of Defense
Spending: $379.9 billion
Percentage change from 2003: +4.2 percent
Pay raises for service members would range from 2 percent to 6.3 percent.
Includes $245 million to maintain a scaled-down version of the air patrols over the United States that began Sept. 11, 2001, but makes no provision for the cost of continuing the war in Afghanistan or potential war against Iraq.
Overall, defense would account for 16 1/2 cents of every dollar in federal spending.
Spending: $26.7 billion
Percentage change from 2003: +5.1 percent (includes spending for agencies being rolled into the new department)
Calls for $373 million for border security, including radiation detectors and X-ray machines to inspect cargo containers.
Calls for $400 million to maintain a stockpile of vaccines to be used during a bioterrorist attack.
Department of State
Spending: $27.4 billion
Percentage change from 2003: +11.6 percent
Would provide $646.7 million to enhance security equipment and pay for other upgrades at U.S. diplomatic posts and to hire 85 additional security professionals.
Seeks $18.8 billion for foreign assistance, including $4.4 billion in military aid and $2.5 billion in economic aid. This is an increase of $2.4 billion. The Middle East would get the most economic help, $1.6 billion. South Asia would get $395 million, including $150 million for Afghanistan.
Department of Education
Spending: $53.1 billion
Percentage change from 2002: +5.6 percent.
Would increase spending by $1 billion, to $12.4 billion total, for Title I programs that provide remedial education to poor children.
Would increase spending by $1 billion, to $9.5 billion, for state grants to serve children with disabilities.
Would increase spending by $1.9 billion, to $12.7 billion, for Pell Grants, eliminating cash shortfall in this need-based college aid program. Maximum grant would remain $4,000.
Would eliminate 45 programs considered duplicative or ineffective, freeing $1.5 billion for Bush's priorities. Cut programs include literacy for prisoners, arts in education.
Would provide $756 million in school-choice programs, including vouchers, charter schools and magnet schools.
Department of Labor
Spending: $11.5 billion
Percentage change from 2003: -0.5 percent
Would increase enforcement of job safety and health standards by 2 percent, to $165.3 million. Overall spending for the Occupational Safety and Health Administration would rise by 3 percent, to $450 million.
Would increase enforcement and fraud investigations into retirement and pension programs by nearly 10 percent.
Department of Energy
Spending: $23.4 billion.
Percentage change from 2003: +5.9 percent.
Would expand programs to develop clean coal technologies, safeguard nuclear materials, move ahead with a proposed nuclear waste site in Nevada, and spur development of hydrogen fuel cells.
Would spend $591 million, a 75 percent increase over what is pending in Congress for this year, to move ahead with development of the Yucca Mountain nuclear waste repository in Nevada. Much of that money would go for getting a federal permit for the project sometime in 2004.
Department of Justice
Spending: $17.7 billion
Percentage change from 2003: -3.3 percent
Proposed increase of $598.2 million for preventing and combating terrorism for FBI and other agencies.
FBI counterintelligence would be increased by $69.9 million and 583 positions, including 94 new agents. Another $60.6 million increase would go to the FBI's Foreign Terrorist Tracking Task Force.
Health and Human ServicesSPENDING: $66.2 BILLION
PERCENTAGE CHANGE FROM 2003: +2.5 PERCENT
Department of Treasury
Spending: $11.4 billion
Percentage change from 2003: +3.5 percent
The IRS would get $429 million to continue a major overhaul of its computer system and $133 million to crack down on abusive tax schemes and tax shelters
The Financial Crimes Enforcement Network would receive $57.6 million -- up nearly 14 percent from the president's 2003 request -- to help the government sever terrorists from their sources of financing and to combat money laundering.
Department of Agriculture
Spending: $19.5 billion
Percentage change from 2003: -0.2 percent
Includes $678 million for the USDA's Food Safety and Inspection Service, which checks meat and poultry at packing plants for bacteria that can cause food poisoning, such as E. coli. It would be a 10 percent cut from 2003. Also, the administration wants Congress to approve "user fees" to recover the cost of paying inspectors in plants if they work overtime.
The federal crop insurance program would see an 18 percent increase in spending over 2003.
Spending: $53.3 billion
Percentage change from 2003: +6 percent
Would increase federal aid to states for highway construction to $29.3 billion, 6 percent more than in 2003.
Proposes $900 million for Amtrak, less than the $1.2 billion the railroad's president says it needs to keep running.
NASASPENDING: $15.5 BILLION
PERCENTAGE CHANGE FROM 2003: +3.1 PERCENT
Spending: $7.3 billion
Percentage change from 2003: +9 percent
Would raise administrative spending by nearly 8 percent to handle increase in applications for benefits.
Would add $795 million for information technology to improve public service through the Internet and automated phone systems. Electronic processing of disability claims expected to help reduce wait, now an average of 1,146 days, because of backlogs.
Army Corps of Engineers
Spending: $4 billion
Percentage change from 2003: +0.8 percent
Would spend $145 million for environmental restoration projects in Florida's Everglades and $115 million for navigation in New York/New Jersey Harbor.
Would spend $98 million for hydropower and endangered species in the Columbia River and $73 million for navigation in the Ohio River.
Spending: $7.6 billion
Percentage change from 2003: +0.1 percent
Agency spending for Superfund toxic waste sites would increase by $150 million, enough for 10 to 15 more Superfund toxic waste site cleanups, officials say.
Would add $21 million in spending for enforcement activities, including hiring 100 more inspectors, but cut spending for general investigations by $3 million.
Department of Interior
Spending: $10.6 billion
Percentage change from 2003: +3.5 percent
Would increase spending by $26 million for the National Wildlife Refuge System, which celebrates its 100th anniversary in 2003.
As part of the department's budget, President Bush proposes authorizing oil and gas exploration in Alaska's Arctic National Wildlife Refuge, which has been a deeply controversial centerpiece of his energy policy.
Spending: $50 million
Percentage Change from 2003: +11.1 percent
Would increase spending on staff by $3 million, to $35 million. That will let the commission add about 30 employees to the roughly 350 it now has.
Securities and Exchange Commission
Spending: $841.5 million
Percentage change from 2003: +48 percent
Would increase spending on investigations and prosecutions of fraud by $78 million, to $282 million, in response to last year's wave of corporate and accounting scandals.
Spending on supervising and regulating the stock markets and brokerage firms would jump from $90.3 million to $131.6 million.
Department of Veterans Affairs
Spending: $28.1 billion
Percentage change from 2003: +10.6 percent
Would increase medical care and research spending by $2.62 billion, bringing its total to $26.2 billion.
Would increase spending on burial benefits by $12 million to help open four new national cemeteries and improve some of the existing 120 national cemeteries.
Department of Commerce
Spending: $5.4 billion
Percentage change from 2003: +5.2 percent
Would provide $662 million to the Bureau of Census for collection of timely economic and demographic information and to improve the design of the 2010 Census.
The National Institute of Standards and Technology would receive $3.5 million to develop and certify a standard using "biometric identifiers," such as fingerprints, facial patterns and eye patterns, that could be used to verify the identity of people applying for a U.S. visa or seeking to enter the country.
Department of Housing and Urban Development
Spending: $31.3 billion
Percentage change from 2003: +1.3 percent
Would provide an additional $113 million in block grants to state and local agencies for affordable housing to low-income families. The extra money would increase the program's overall budget to $2.2 billion. It's intended to compensate for the loss of a program that paid for the revitalization of severely distressed public housing.
Seeks $200 million to help provide down payments to about 40,000 low- and middle-income families who want to become first-time home buyers.