Speak Out: The Growth of Public Education: The School Staffing Surge

Posted by Shapley Hunter on Mon, Apr 22, 2013, at 3:52 PM:

http://www.edchoice.org/CMSModules/EdChoice/FileLibrary/968/The-School-Staffing-...

"America's K-12 public education system has experienced tremendous historical growth in employment, according to the U.S. Department of Education's National Center for Education Statistics. Between fiscal year (FY) 1950 and FY 2009, the number of K-12 public school students in the United States increased by 96 percent, while the number of full-time equivalent (FTE) school employees grew 386 percent. Public schools grew staffing at a rate four times faster than the increase in students over that time period. Of those personnel, teachers' numbers increased 252 percent, while administrators and other non-teaching staff experienced growth of 702 percent, more than seven times the increase in students.

"That hiring pattern has persisted in more recent years as well. Between FY 1992 and FY 2009, the number of K-12 public school students nationwide grew 17 percent, while the number of FTE school employees increased 39 percent. Among school personnel, teachers' staffing numbers rose 32 percent, while administrators and other non-teaching staff experienced growth of 46 percent, 2.3 times greater than the increase in students over that 18-year period; the growth in the number of teachers was almost twice that of students."

________________

I noted several decades ago, when I was stationed in Alameda, California, that the largest and most heavily staffed building in the school district was an administrative building in which not one student was educated.

Replies (16)

  • It is bizarre to compare a 59 year span with the expectation of applicable data to learn from.

    "Between FY 1992 and FY 2009, the number of K-12 public school students nationwide grew 17 percent, while the number of FTE school employees increased 39 percent."

    It is possible NCLB Act played a role. Public schools are being held accountable for actual learning.

    Locally, I would challenge these numbers for the last decade, because budget cuts have created a reduction in staff.

    -- Posted by scheuwlfz on Mon, Apr 22, 2013, at 5:37 PM
  • "Locally, I would challenge these numbers for the last decade, because budget cuts have created a reduction in staff."

    How many administrators do we have locally, compared to the number of teachers? How many did we have ten years ago? Twenty years ago? Forty years ago? It should be easy enough to find out. A simple search of the yearbooks might help.

    The 1950s and 1960s saw the consolidation of the schools from the smaller one-room schoolhouses and neigborhood schools of the 1940s and prior in many areas. It makes little sense to compare data before that time, as the post-war era saw an entirely different scholastic system than the pre-war era.

    -- Posted by Shapley Hunter on Mon, Apr 22, 2013, at 6:43 PM
  • "Locally, I would challenge these numbers for the last decade, because budget cuts have created a reduction in staff."

    How many administrators do we have locally, compared to the number of teachers? How many did we have ten years ago? Twenty years ago? Forty years ago? It should be easy enough to find out. A simple search of the yearbooks might help.

    The 1950s and 1960s saw the consolidation of the schools from the smaller one-room schoolhouses and neigborhood schools of the 1940s and prior in many areas. It makes little sense to compare data before that time, as the post-war era saw an entirely different scholastic system than the pre-war era.

    -- Posted by Shapley Hunter on Mon, Apr 22, 2013, at 6:43 PM
  • "A simple search of the yearbooks might help."

    I do not think so. Few Elementary and Middle do have "yearbooks". Nor would the board office administration be included in a "yearbook".

    "How many administrators do we have locally, compared to the number of teachers? How many did we have ten years ago?" I stand by my claim that local Missouri school districts have actually reduced staff and administrators. Feel free to verify.

    That would be an interesting and relevant discussion. Comparisons past a decade, would be a pointless waste of energies. Things change, for example, in 1950 schools were still segregated.

    -- Posted by scheuwlfz on Mon, Apr 22, 2013, at 7:04 PM
  • "I stand by my claim that local Missouri school districts have actually reduced staff and administrators. Feel free to verify."

    Sounds like the claim is nothing more than a SWAG. And it is someone else's problem to verify if or not the assertion is correct.

    -- Posted by Have_Wheels_Will_Travel on Mon, Apr 22, 2013, at 9:26 PM
  • ", for example, in 1950 schools were still segregated."

    And you need more administrators for an integrated school?

    -- Posted by Shapley Hunter on Mon, Apr 22, 2013, at 9:58 PM
  • For starters, here's a directory. Note that each school has at least one principal and one counselor, several schools having more than one, plus asst. principals.

    http://www.capetigers.com/DISTRICTINFO/ContactUs/tabid/248/Default.aspx

    And here's a list of jobs in the 'job descriptions' section of the website:

    http://www.capetigers.com/DEPARTMENTS/HumanResources/JobDescriptions/Administrat...

    Athletic Director

    Chief Financial Officer

    Director - Alternative

    Director - Special Services

    Director Assistant,Career & Technology Ctr

    Director Career & Technology Center

    Director of Admin Services

    Principal Assistant - High School

    Principal Assistant - Junior High/Middle

    Principal - Elementary

    Principal - Junior High/Middle

    Principal - Secondary

    Superintendent

    Superintendent Assistant

    Vocational - PTA Program Director

    Vocational - Student Services Director

    And here is the 'certified staff' listing:

    http://www.capetigers.com/DEPARTMENTS/HumanResources/JobDescriptions/CertifiedSt...

    oordinator - At Risk

    Coordinator - State/Federal Programs

    Counselor

    CTC Program Coordinator

    Curriculum Coordinator

    Gifted - Secondary

    Grant-Default Management Specialist

    Safety Coordinator

    Social Worker

    Special Services - Cross Categorical

    Special Services - ECSE

    Special Services - Educare Director

    Special Services - Emotionally Disturbed

    Special Services - English Second Language

    Special Services - LEA Stipend

    Special Services - Learning Disabilities

    Special Services - Mental Retardation

    Special Services - Other Health Impaired

    Special Services - Psychological Examiner

    Special Services - Sign Interpreter

    Special Services - Speech Pathologist

    Special Services - Transition Coordinator

    Special Services - Visually Impaired

    Teacher - Elementary

    Teacher - Secondary

    Vocational - ABE Instructor

    Vocational - Adult Supervisor

    Vocational - Assessment

    Vocational - Automotive Technology

    Vocational - Design Drafting

    Vocational - Electronics

    Vocational - Offset Printing

    Vocational - Practical Nursing

    Vocational - TV/Radio Broadcasting

    Vocational - VRE

    Vocational - ABE Coordinator

    Vocational - ABE Instructor

    Vocational - Auto Collision

    Vocational - Aviation Instructor

    Vocational - Business Technology

    Vocational - Careers In Health

    Vocational - Child Development Instructor

    Vocational - Commercial Foods

    Vocational - Computer Technology

    Vocational - Construction Technology

    Vocational - Embedded Math Instructor

    Vocational - Electrical Technology Instr

    Vocational - Emergency Medical Services

    Vocational - Financial Aide/Adm Counselor

    Vocational - GED Options Program

    Vocational - Guidance/Placement

    Vocational - Horticulture

    Vocational - HVAC/R

    Vocational - Instr for 2-year LPN program

    Vocational - Machine Tool Technology

    Vocational - Marketing

    Vocational - Medical Ofc Spec Instr

    Vocational - Missouri Options Instr

    Vocational - Nursing Coordinator

    Vocational - Physical Therapy

    Vocational - Respiratory Therapy

    Vocational - Welding

    Vocational - Work Keys Service Tech

    Vocational - Workforce Develop. Coord.

    Vocational-Cabinet Making Instructor

    And here are the 'classified staff':

    http://www.capetigers.com/DEPARTMENTS/HumanResources/JobDescriptions/ClassifiedS...

    Accounts Payable Specialist

    Administrative Asst I

    Administrative Asst II

    Administrative Asst III

    Benefit Specialist

    Bookkeeper - Federal/SPED Programs

    Coordinator - State/Federal Programs

    Coordinator - Technology Engineer

    Coordinator, Nutrition Services

    Custodian

    Custodian - Head

    District Accountant

    Facilities Asst Supervisor

    Facilities Supervisor

    Grant-Default Management Specialist

    Human Resource Specialist

    Library Clerical Assistant

    Library Media Assistant

    Maintenance I

    Maintenance II

    Nutrition Services Cook

    Nutrition Services Manager

    Parent Liaison

    Parents As Teachers - Educator

    Payroll Specialist

    Pony Driver

    Public Relations Coordinator

    School Nurse

    School Nurse - Head

    Technology - Information System Specialist

    Technology - Network Specialist

    Technology - P/T Support

    Technology - Systems Specialist

    Technology Support Specialist

    Warehouse Attendant

    And here are the 'extra duty stipends'

    http://www.capetigers.com/DEPARTMENTS/HumanResources/JobDescriptions/ExtraDutySt...

    After School Detention

    Assistant Coach

    Band Director

    Band Asst Director

    Dept Chair - Secondary

    Grade Level Chairperson

    Head Coach

    Level A Stipend

    Literacy Coach Stipend

    Mentor - Elementary

    Mentor - Secondary

    Orchestra Director

    PAT-Preparation Stipend

    Sponsor - Yearbook CHS

    Sponsor - Academic Comp Team Asst CHS

    Sponsor - Beta Club LJS

    Sponsor - Central Light

    Sponsor - Cheerleading CJHS

    Sponsor - Cheerleading Freshman

    Sponsor - Cheerleading Head Varsity

    Sponsor - Cheerleading Varsity CHS

    Sponsor - Dance Team

    Sponsor - DECA CHS

    Sponsor - FBLA (9-12)

    Sponsor - FCCLA (FHA) CHS

    Sponsor - FFA CHS

    Sponsor - Marching Band Color Guard

    Sponsor - National Honor Society - CHS

    Sponsor - Newsletter CMS

    Sponsor - Newspaper

    Sponsor - Pep Club CHS

    Sponsor - Red Daggger

    Sponsor - Renaissance CJHS

    Sponsor - Science Olympiad/Science Fair

    Sponsor - Speech & Debate Asst

    Sponsor - Speech and Debate

    Sponsor - Student Council CJHS

    Sponsor - Student Recognition

    Sponsor - Student Senate CHS

    Sponsor - VICA CHS

    Sponsor - Yearbook CJHS

    Technology Tech - Support

    Technology Tech - Web

    Vocal Director - CHS

    Weight Lifting

    Wrestling Coach - 7th/8th

    __________

    Now. How many of those positions do you suppose did not exist ten years ago? Twenty years ago? Forty Years ago?

    How many of them have little or nothing to do with the actual education of students?

    -- Posted by Shapley Hunter on Mon, Apr 22, 2013, at 10:07 PM
  • Oh, I forgot to paste the directory:

    Central Administrative Office

    301 N. Clark Ave

    Get Directions

    573-335-1867 573-335-1820

    Elementaries ALMA SCHRADER 573-335-5310 573-334-3871

    1360 Randol

    Get Directions

    Ruth Ann Orr, Principal

    Julia Unnerstall, Counselor

    BLANCHARD

    573-335-3030 573-334-1319

    1829 N. Sprigg

    Get Directions

    Barbara Kohlfeld, Principal

    Lainie Bohnsack, Counselor

    CLIPPARD

    573-334-5720 573-334-1067

    2880 Hopper Road

    Get Directions

    Sydney Herbst, Principal

    Sue Cook, Counselor

    FRANKLIN

    573-335-5456 573-334-1140

    1550 Themis St.

    Get Directions

    Rhonda Dunham, Principal

    Debra Rau, Counselor

    JEFFERSON

    573-334-2030 573-334-1159

    520 S. Minnesota

    Get Directions

    Crista Turner, Principal

    Rebeka Wright, Counselor

    Middle CENTRAL MIDDLE 573-334-6281 573-334-1557

    1900 Thilenius

    Get Directions

    Rex Crosnoe, Principal

    Rae Ann Alpers, Asst. Principal

    Melissa Monia, Counselor

    Robin Huffman, Counselor

    Junior CENTRAL JUNIOR HIGH 573-334-2923 573-332-8746

    205 Caruthers St

    Get Directions

    Carla Fee, Principal

    Alan Bruns, Asst. Principal

    Karen Gleason, Counselor

    Melissa Monia, Counselor

    BUBBLE Swimming Pool 573-335-4040

    High CENTRAL HIGH 573-335-8228 573-334-1114

    1000 S. Silver Springs Road

    Get Directions

    Mike Cowan, Principal

    Craig Hayden, Asst. Principal

    Nancy Scheller, Asst. Principal

    Josh Crowell, Asst. Principal

    Katy Andersson, Counselor

    Nita Dubose, Counselor

    Amy Sutterer, Counselor

    Other CAREER & TECHNOLOGY CENTER

    1080 S. Silver Springs Road 573-334-0826 573-334-5930

    Assessment Center

    Get Directions

    573-332-1855

    Rich Payne, Director

    Dean Whitlow, Asst. Director

    Kathleen Clayton, Workforce Development

    Adult Education & Literacy - GED 573-334-3669 573-335-1820

    301 N. Clark

    Get Directions

    Becky Atwood, Director

    ALTERNATIVE EDUCATION CENTER 573-335-5939 573-335-6041

    301 N. Spring Ave

    Get Directions

    Scott McMullen, Director

    COTTONWOOD TREATMENT CENTER 573-290-5888 573-290-5895

    1025 N. Sprigg St.

    Get Directions

    PARENTS AS TEACHERS

    573-651-3703 573-335-1820

    301 N. Clark

    Get Directions

    EDUCARE 573-651-9171 573-651-1367

    301 N. Clark - Upstairs / Room 217

    Get Directions

    EARLY CHILDHOOD PROGRAM

    520 S. Minnesota - Jefferson Elementary

    Get Directions 573-339-1201 573-334-1159

    1829 N. Sprigg - Blanchard Elementary

    Get Directions

    573-335-5941 573-334-1913

    CAPE GIRARDEAU PUBLIC SCHOOLS FOUNDATION

    301 N. Clark

    Get Directions 573-651-0555 573-335-1820

    Website: www.capeschools.org

    Mrs. Amy McDonald, Foundation Director

    FIRST STUDENT BUS COMPANY 573-335-2510 573-335-2897

    Employment | Related Links | Contact Us 2011 Cape Girardeau Public Schools | Privacy Statement

    -- Posted by Shapley Hunter on Mon, Apr 22, 2013, at 10:09 PM
  • 'extra duty stipends' This list are teachers who are being paid for extra work, not a new phenomenon, it has been done for decades. The atheltic director is a teacher. These are not administrators.

    Your "vocational" list are also teachers, with the exception of two administrators.

    When comparing apples to apples, there were more administrators and teachers 10 years ago. Both have been reduced by attrition due to budget reduction. (With the exception of technology departments, that have grown over the last two decades. Another exception could be Special Services, which has one director, but several specialist.)

    -- Posted by scheuwlfz on Tue, Apr 23, 2013, at 5:28 AM
  • Do you have a list for ten years ago?

    They have expanded the schools several times in the past decade or two, including a considerable number of new athletic facilities.

    But, you are missing the bigger point of the article: school administration and teaching staff have both been growing at a much faster pace than the student enrollment.

    -- Posted by Shapley Hunter on Tue, Apr 23, 2013, at 6:36 AM
  • "When comparing apples to apples, there were more administrators and teachers 10 years ago."

    Can you prove that?

    -- Posted by Shapley Hunter on Tue, Apr 23, 2013, at 6:37 AM
  • I can find the Cape Public Schools budget online, but I can't find the historical budgets for comparison purposes.

    http://www.capetigers.com/Portals/0/Business/BudgetReview/Budget%201213.pdf

    I found the attendance history of interest. Cape School attendance was declining from 2005-06 through 2007-08, and began increasing after that. This year is the first year that attendance numbers have exceeded the 2005-06 attendance.

    Thus, while employment may have decreased in the past decade so, it seems, has enrollment, meaning the pattern would still appear consistent with the article's claims. That is to say, it is not so much budget cuts as declining enrollment that justified the decline in administrative positions of which flourish45 claims.

    If the school exists to educate students, then less students would justify less expenditures and less staff.

    I believe part of the justification for the construction of the new school buidings - Cape Central High and the Vocational/Technical School, was to lure back to the public school some of the students they had been losing to the private school system. Part of the competitive process included the expansion of offerings, as well as new facilities for sports and other programmes.

    Expanded facilities and services usually entails expansion of support staff to maintain them - more groundskeepers, more custodians, and so on and so forth. As they say in the Bronx: "That crap ain't free". This is why I question the idea that there have, in fact, been reductions in overall staffing. There have likely been realignments - a new custodian in one place with no new funding means a job loss somewhere else.

    There would also, again as noted in the article, be an increase in education staff. Expanded sports programmes means more coaching staff. Thus, again, I question whether an overall reduction has actually happened.

    -- Posted by Shapley Hunter on Tue, Apr 23, 2013, at 8:34 AM
  • I've long been known on here to rail against the growth of what I term 'warehouse schools' - those massive gymnasiums-with-attached-classrooms that have come about since the end of World War II.

    The argument for them was the same as the one used today: the demands of the post-war industrial era called for a better-educated workforce. And who, they reckoned, was better to educate them the government? Why, no one, of course.

    Fueled by ample post-war-growth tax revenue and the growing prosperity of the tax base, we set about the consolidate all those little one-room school houses that brought us the great minds of the past - the homes of scholars and mathematicians and scientists - and combined them into the sports complexes that became the homes of the Lions and the Tigers and the Bears (Oh! My!). The gymnasium became the largest compnent of the complex, and the name of the team was emblazoned upon it, along with a picture of the team mascot. Their role as educational facilities began to become secondary to their roles as sports venues.

    Massive amounts of land were needed to support these schools. Not for the purpose of building classrooms, those could be crowded into any particular corner of the land, but to provide room for the baseball, football, soccer, and track fields that were needed to support the role of these sports-training facilities. Nor was that enough. As the sports complexes became more elaborate and more expensive, they needed separate practice fields to train on, so they didn't damage the expensive playing fields which had to be reserved for actual play. Millions and millions had to be spent on bleachers, lights, fake grass, and other costly features for a structure that was used one night a week for a part of the year. And, of course, a full-time staff was needed to keep it in tip-top shape for those nights.

    Those who do not participate in the sports hype are shunned as 'geeks' and 'losers', walking the halls like lepers. There are homecoming celebrations and sports banquets and other tributes to the sports heroes, while the state-recognized math whizes might get an announcement over the intercom congratulating them, and a 'scholar' pin at the end of the year. Do they even get a pep rally before they pack off to a weekend of mathematical competition? I've not heard of it if they do.

    This is what our educational system has become, as I see it. I look at the new Central High School Complex and I see the gymnasium and I see the football fields and the baseball fields, the track and the tennis courts and all the other sporting venues surrounding the classrooms, which appear kind of nondescript in the midst of it all.

    -- Posted by Shapley Hunter on Tue, Apr 23, 2013, at 10:12 AM
  • "Don't local citizens vote up or down regarding new school bond issues to pay for any expansions?"

    Yes. And I'm not blaming the federal government for this. They may have pushed for the consolidation, and their funding mechanism apparently rewards the 'bigger is better' school approach, but it is state and local decision-makers that decide what kind of schools they will have, and it is taxpayers that agree or disagree to build them.

    The people have been sold a bill of goods, in my humble opinion. Our schools are bigger, but are they better? As the original article notes: bigger schools mean more administrators and, yes, more services. But do those services all benefit our students? And do they serve all of our students? What percentage of the student body is served by a new football stadium? Is it a wise use of resources?

    -- Posted by Shapley Hunter on Tue, Apr 23, 2013, at 10:24 AM
  • "Plus , does the Dept. of Education match a certain percentage ?"

    You'll have to ask someone in the education funding business.

    -- Posted by Shapley Hunter on Tue, Apr 23, 2013, at 10:31 AM
  • Perhaps someday parents will see the advantages of home school, private schools, and Internet based learning that reside beyond the reaches of state socialism.

    -- Posted by BCStoned on Tue, Apr 23, 2013, at 11:55 AM

    Had you told me 8 years ago that home schooling would be effective I would have questioned it. When my youngest daughter announce she was home schooling her two children, I was apprehensive, thinking they are not going to get the social contact they need with other children. Over time I learned, it was not just about sitting in the living room doing your classwork and homework every day. There are so many social and group learning activities between the various home schooled children as to make you weary just watching it.

    A week or so ago, on speaking with my Granddaughter, who was working on drawing a freehand map of Africa and entering in and naming the various countries, and who will be in Junior High next year (7th grade), she tells me about this one class she will be taking next year. Her final in this test will require that she free hand draw a map of the entire world with the various countries and their capitals from memory, and she will be given at most an hour and 15 minutes to accomplish this.

    As a language course next year she will be studying Latin.

    My mind is at ease on the quality of education in home schooling vs government schools.

    -- Posted by Have_Wheels_Will_Travel on Tue, Apr 23, 2013, at 1:27 PM

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